How can the South China Sea issue be resolved?Need long-term layout

2022-04-25 0 By

The South China Sea is one of China’s three marginal seas. It has a vast area, numerous islands and reefs, abundant resources and is located in an extremely important geographical location. Therefore, many countries have coveted the South China Sea.Some neighboring countries have occupied many islands and reefs. For a long time, these countries have not been satisfied with the territory they have occupied and their ambitions have been expanding.Some countries outside the region do not want to see China’s rise. For years, they have hyped up the situation in the South China Sea and driven a wedge between neighboring countries and China, making the situation around the South China Sea extremely complicated and dragging China’s development energy for years.On the road to China’s great rejuvenation, the restoration of peace in the South China Sea is as much an issue as the reunification of the motherland. How can China overcome this situation?The South China Sea’s rich resources and important location mean it will not be quiet for a long time.Speaking of the South China Sea resources can be summarized into three categories, one is plant resources, the other is animal resources, the third is mineral resources.Plant resources are divided into two types, one is sea plants, and the other is land plants on the islands. According to data released in 2016, there are as many as 510 kinds of algae in the South China Sea, among which dinoflagellates and diatoms are the main ones. Island land plants include 6 kinds of seagrass, 10 kinds of mangrove plants and 81 kinds of reef-building corals.Among many plants in the South China Sea, quite a few have great economic value.The animal resources in the South China Sea are more abundant, with 631 species of plankton, copepods and jellyfish are the most, and benthic organisms, that is, living in the bottom or bottom of the ocean or inland waters, 1,211 species, and about 2,000 species of fish in the Zhongsha Islands alone.Some of these plants and animals can be used as food and drink, and some can be used as traditional Chinese medicine. In short, they can not only create economic value, but also have a variety of uses.In addition to living things, there are minerals in the seabed, and minerals are also important support for the development of human society.The South China Sea has long been regarded as the “second Persian Gulf”, reflecting its vast resources.The South China Sea is one of the world’s major sedimentary basins, containing iron, nickel, manganese, copper, cobalt, lead, zinc and, most notably, oil and gas.The South China Sea has more than a dozen oil-bearing basins with 23 billion to 30 billion tons of oil reserves, more than a quarter of global oil reserves, 20 trillion cubic meters of natural gas and 19.4 billion tons of combustible ice equivalent.From these resources, we can see that the South China Sea is a veritable cornucopia. The types and reserves of several resources we see are only known, and the unknown types and quantities of resources are still huge.In terms of geographical location, the South China Sea is also very important. If you want to go from the Pacific Ocean to the Indian Ocean, you must pass through the South China Sea. In other words, you must go through the South China Sea to communicate with each other from the land of the two seas.As is known to all, the Malacca Strait is known as the “throat road”, and the South China Sea is more important. If the Kra Canal and other channels are opened in the future, the Malacca Strait can be bypassing, but it still needs to pass through the South China Sea.The South China Sea is not only a place of communication between the two oceans, but also a starting point for Chinese ships sailing to the world.Before the mid-1960s, there was not so much trouble in the South China Sea. The maps published by western countries all belonged to China. There was no dispute.However, as the resources in the South China Sea were discovered and China was not strong enough at that time, some countries frequently sent forces to occupy the islands and reefs in the South China Sea from the 1960s and 1970s in an attempt to gain benefits by creating fait accompli.Unlike these smaller countries, the US has much bigger ambitions.China is gradually becoming powerful. In order to maintain its position as a powerful country and thus maintain its hegemony, the United States will do its utmost to suppress the fastest developing China.The United States, seeing the complexity of the South China Sea and the greed of many small countries, took this opportunity to make a big issue of the South China Sea to make trouble for China and encircle China.There are two other important reasons for the US to stir up trouble in the South China Sea.First, of the four oceans in the world, the Indian Ocean is the only one not adjacent to the fifty states of the United States. If the United States wants to exert influence in the Indian Ocean, especially to maintain its military presence, the South China Sea is the only way for it to control the South China Sea to a greater extent.Second, the sea is different from the land. China generally has good relations with its neighbors on land, so it is difficult for the United States to assemble a large military force around China to conduct provocations. Even if it sends hundreds of thousands of troops inland, the cost is too high.Once again, China and the United States cannot enter land, but can enter the sea. According to the International Convention on the Law of the Sea, all kinds of vessels from other countries in the exclusive economic zone of a sovereign state can pass through, but they can not stay, and they must not harm the interests of the country passing through.American ships often sail into the South China Sea, claiming to be legitimate but doing things that violate international conventions.The South China Sea is surrounded by a large number of countries, the situation is complex, and its geographical location is important. In addition, compared with the land, the South China Sea has gradually become the most “lively” sea and the battlefield for the confrontation between China and the United States.How can China break the ice with us warships?As the saying goes, “Know yourself and know your enemy, you can win a hundred battles with no danger of defeat.” Only by knowing your opponent can you break the situation.The reasons why the south China Sea has become a complex situation have been briefly summarized in the previous paragraph. The mentality and purpose of the West led by the US and the countries surrounding the South China Sea have been clearly understood.The first is to gradually enhance its strategic advantage in the region. China is the country with which the United States has the most dealings in the world. More than half of the international topics in the mouths of American politicians are about China.We all know that the rise of these Western countries was largely by force.Britain, France, Germany and the United States were all former imperialists. Some were long-term colonialists and some were hegemonists. In history, these countries also attacked each other and caused world wars.Therefore, for the bellicose Westerners, hard power is absolutely indispensable, and China needs to form a hard power advantage in this region.China’s Taiwan Province lies on the South China Sea, with the Taiwan Strait to the northwest and the Bashi Channel to the southwest. The East China Sea is on one side and the South China Sea is on the other.Military aircraft and warships of the United States and other countries often operate in waters near Taiwan Island or enter the South China Sea through the Bashi Channel and Taiwan Strait.After the reunification of the motherland, it can effectively deter the military forces of these countries from going to the South China Sea to stir up trouble. The existing military bases in Taiwan Province can be used as outposts to defend maritime frontiers. In particular, the attack distance of some shore-based forces is longer, which can consolidate the security of distant sea areas.After the reunification of the motherland, the first island chain encircled by the United States will collapse, and the mainland’s strategic depth has been advanced. Breaking the ENCIRclement by the United States in other waters will have an indirect impact on the change of the situation in the South China Sea.At the same time, China should continue to enhance its strength, including its comprehensive national strength and corresponding military strength, and strengthen its construction in the South China Sea, which is the basis for reasoning with western countries.In response to the western countries’ provocations, military might should be displayed when appropriate to convey to certain countries that the Chinese people are capable and determined to safeguard national interests.At the right time, The Chinese navy will also go out, and its actions outside the South China Sea can also be beneficial to resolving the situation in the South China Sea to some extent.When there is a fundamental change in the balance of power and advantages, and external interference is largely excluded, the peace in the South China Sea will be restored to a greater extent.Second, the Chinese Navy should strengthen communication and consultation and seek common interests.As a matter of fact, it is highly possible for China to solve the South China Sea issue through consultation with its neighboring countries. There are many common interests between the countries close at hand. If war is used to solve the issue, it will be disadvantageous for all parties.These countries have a different mentality from the United States, which aims to contain China and stir the waters with a “life-or-death” mentality. The neighboring countries in the South China Sea have no such ambition and simply seek to gain more interests.As long as all countries can exclude the interference of external forces, it will be no longer difficult to resolve the issue through consultation. All countries can reach an early conclusion on a code of conduct in the South China Sea to resolve their differences on relevant issues and avoid heating up the situation around the South China Sea.The US is complicating the issue by taking advantage of the contradictions among many neighboring countries in the South China Sea. However, the contradictions among countries can also become a breaking point for China.China has shown enough goodwill to shelve disputes and pursue joint development, and has cooperated with Southeast Asian countries in epidemic prevention and control, economic development, joint patrols and law enforcement.The cooperation in these areas has shown to neighboring countries that China has not bullied the small or the strong, and has gradually dispelled the rumor of “China threat” played up by some countries, and enabled countries to establish common goals.As countries gain from cooperation, they come to realize the futility of disputes and conflicts.It is difficult for the United States to achieve its goal of disrupting the South China Sea on its own. Instead, it must use regional countries. If China invests more energy in managing its relations with neighboring countries in the long term and does not give some countries a chance to interfere, the South China Sea will become a sea of cooperation and peace.The United States is a country facing the three oceans. It has the largest navy in the world and more than 200 naval bases, and has fought many modern naval battles. Americans know more about the ocean than Chinese, while Chinese know more about strategy than Americans.The situation we face around the South China Sea is extremely complex. No strategy can be implemented today and succeed tomorrow.To solve such a problem, the Chinese people still need to understand the psychology of all parties, keep a broader perspective, have more international thinking, and be patient in making long-term plans.[1] Jin Yinan: The World pattern, China has an attitude. Jin Yinan