Beautiful!The preservation of paleolithic rock paintings in China is confirmed for the first time

2022-05-22 0 By

The research paper “High Precision Uranium Dating of Rock Paintings from the end of Pleistocene to the Early Holocene in Hutiaoxia, Jinsha River, Southwest China”, co-authored by Yunnan Institute of Cultural Relics and Archaeology, Nanjing Normal University, Wuhan University and other institutions, was published in the international top archaeological journal, Journal of Archaeological Science, Issue 138 in 2022.Thus, the discovery and research of Chinese Paleolithic painted rock paintings with high precision dating was opened.In this paper, uranium dating method is used to date the wanman Cave rock paintings in the middle part of Tiger Leaping Gorge of Jinsha River in Lijiang city, Yunnan Province.By dating the carbonate deposits that cover the cave paintings, the researchers found that wandong could accurately reconstruct at least three stages of the painting:From 13000 to 13580 YEARS ago, from 10540 to 10830 years ago, and from 8370 to 8700 years ago, it was in the late Pleistocene to Holocene transition stage, which was significantly earlier than the earliest farming age in the region (from 4600 years ago). Combined with the collected paleolithic cultural relics information,Suggesting that the paintings were largely created by paleolithic hunter-gatherers in the area.There are many rock paintings in Yunnan, mainly distributed in the Lancang river and Jinsha River basins.Most of the sites of the Jinshajiang rock painting are characterized by techniques and realistic styles, representing bison, deer, rock sheep, goat, wild boar, muntjac, Roe, monkey, wild horse, wild donkey, bear, tiger and other animal images.In addition, there are figures, bows and arrows, handprints and abstract patterns.Jinsha river rock is the oldest data records of the east Asia continent there are s paintings of coloured drawing or pattern, is a unique groups of different in other parts of the paintings, and France and Spain in Europe, southeast Asia paleolithic cave paintings found in South Asia, is one of the important carrier of cultural relics, the Yangtze river upstream prehistoric culture to explore “the root of civilization” in the upper Yangtze river valley is of great significance.Since 2008, the research team has investigated and studied the rock art heritage of the Jinsha River Basin in yulong County, Ninglang County of Lijiang City and Shangri-La County of Diqing Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, and placed the rock art of the Jinsha River Basin in the context of international rock art research.To include the regional prehistoric archaeological culture framework (including the overall study of paleoanthropology, paleontology, palaeometeorology, palaeogeographic evolution, etc.).In the early stage, using the style of rock paintings to date, the published research results confirm that the jinshajiang rock paintings belong to the hunter-gatherer group of rock paintings, and are similar to the style of the Magdalene cave paintings in the European Paleolithic Age.Based on the development of high precision uranium series dating technology in recent years, this paper provides more accurate and sufficient empirical data.This study for the first time provides clear evidence to support the case that the jinsha River Basin rock paintings can be dated back to the end of pleistocene to the early Holocene, and the Jinsha River rock paintings are also the earliest rock paintings with absolute dating data in China and even the whole East Asia.Wanman Cave is a west-facing cave, located in the south bank of tiger Leaping Gorge scenic spot of jinsha River, about 1681 meters above sea level, about 150 meters above the Jinsha River surface.The cave is about 40 meters deep and between 3 and 25 meters wide, and developed in the Permian limestone rock wall.The eph painting is painted on the south wall near the entrance of the cave. The colors vary from magenta, red to orange. The contents are mostly lines, and most of the painting is very vague.The researchers collected 13 small cave carbonate sediment samples directly related to the Wanman Cave art fragments from five sites on the southern wall of the cave.The red pigment layer at sampling point 1, 2, 3 and 5 is sandwiched between the two carbonate layers, and the red pigment layer at sampling point 4 is located on the surface of the carbonate layer.These petroglyphs occurred in the same period as the B/A warm period and the Early Holocene Great Warm Period, suggesting that there may be A relationship between petroglyphs and population reproduction and prosperity as well as climate change.The Jinsha River Valley was mainly influenced by the Indian monsoon. Past studies have found evidence of the last major climatic event of deglaciation in southwest China.Such as Heinrich Event 1 (~17.5 — 14.7 millennia ago), B/A warm Period (~14.7 — 12.9 millennia ago) and Younger Dryas Event (YD, 12.9 — 11.7 millennia ago).The warmer and wetter conditions of the B/A warm period and the early Holocene may have contributed to the increase in the number of animals in the Jinsha River Valley that could have served as A food source for prehistoric hunter-gatherers, and therefore the rock paintings are dominated by animal images.The Jinshajiang rock paintings were first discovered in 1988, and now more than 70 rock paintings have been discovered, which is one of the regions with the most abundant number of similar remains in the world. The diversified contents and long time span show that the jinshajiang rock paintings are an important cultural heritage in southwest China.Its unique style, content and geographical location are of great significance to the study of the communication and contact between the prehistoric people in this area and the prehistoric people in northern Eurasia, Southeast Asia and South Asia.The copyright of this article belongs to the original author, if there is a source error or infringement of your legitimate rights and interests, you can contact us through email, we will promptly deal with.Email address: jpbl@jp.jiupainews.com