Ministry of Education: to establish a comprehensive supervision and evaluation system for the end of term of principal of primary, secondary and kindergarten schools

2022-05-29 0 By

Recently, the Ministry of Education issued the Opinions on the Comprehensive Supervision and Evaluation of the End of term of Principals of Primary, secondary and kindergarten schools (hereinafter referred to as the Opinions) to make special arrangements for relevant work.Principals of primary and secondary schools and kindergartens play a vital role in the implementation of the Party’s education policy and the education decisions of the CPC Central Committee and The State Council.Strengthening the principal responsibility of school (park) directors through strong supervision is of great significance to carrying out the fundamental task of moral education, standardizing school-running behavior and improving the quality of education and teaching.In February 2020, the General Offices of the CPC Central Committee and The State Council issued opinions on Deepening reform of the Education Supervision System and Mechanism in the New Era, which clearly stated that “in principle, school (kindergarten) directors should receive comprehensive supervision once at the end of one term of office”.In order to fulfill the above requirements, the Ministry of Education issued the Opinions on The Comprehensive Supervision and Evaluation of The End of term of Principal of Primary, Secondary and Kindergarten Schools (hereinafter referred to as the Opinions) to make special arrangements for relevant work.”Opinions” clear, the primary and secondary schools (garden) long comprehensive supervision assessment to xi jinping, new era of socialism with Chinese characteristics as guidance, thoroughly implement the party’s nineteenth spirit and the 19th session of the previous session, the full implementation of the party’s education policy, firmly grasp the socialism school direction, insist on khalid ents basic task, follow the rules of education teaching,We will strengthen the responsibility and mission of school (kindergarten) directors, stimulate the vitality of schools, and improve the management level of primary, secondary and kindergarten schools.The opinions call for comprehensive supervision and evaluation of school (kindergarten) heads, insisting on correct guidance, giving play to the baton of supervision and evaluation, implementing the “five education simultaneously”, persisting in development-oriented evaluation, and focusing on solving prominent problems in the development of primary, middle and primary schools and kindergartens.It is necessary to strengthen overall planning and coordination, strengthen coordination with preschool education kindergarten behavior evaluation, basic education quality monitoring, responsibility supervision, inspection and inspection, economic responsibility audit and other work, to avoid increasing grass-roots burden.We should adapt measures to local conditions, not only strengthen the unified requirements for school (park) directors to perform their duties, but also take full account of the differences between regions and schools to promote their own characteristics.To innovate methods and methods, pay attention to the use of information technology means, take the combination of online and offline, open inspection and secret investigation, qualitative and quantitative combination and other ways to optimize the work process, to ensure the supervision effect.The Opinions make it clear that the object of the comprehensive supervision and evaluation of school (kindergarten) directors is the directors of primary, middle and kindergarten schools (including private and chinese-foreign cooperatively-run schools) with independent legal personality.Among them, compulsory education schools include primary schools, junior high schools and schools with a nine-year education system, while regular senior high schools include senior middle schools, complete middle schools, 12-year education schools and chinese-foreign cooperative schools.The opinions clarify the focus of comprehensive supervision and evaluation from seven aspects: Party building, moral education, school governance, teachers’ work, standardizing school running, safety and health, and satisfaction survey.At the same time, for kindergarten principals, compulsory education school principals, principals of ordinary high schools to formulate reference points for supervision and evaluation respectively.Each province can combine the actual situation, on the basis of reference points, research and develop their own supervision and evaluation indicators.It not only strengthens the national requirement of comprehensive supervision and assessment, but also leaves enough room for local and school conditions.The Opinions make arrangements for the organization and implementation of the comprehensive supervision and evaluation of principals of primary, secondary and kindergarten schools, and specify the responsibilities of national and local education supervision departments, the implementation procedures of comprehensive supervision, pilot requirements, work requirements, and the application of the results of supervision and evaluation.In order to give full play to the role of comprehensive supervision and evaluation of school (kindergarten) chiefs, the Opinions particularly emphasize that party committees, governments and education authorities at or above the county level should take the comprehensive supervision and evaluation reports of school (kindergarten) chiefs at the end of their term as an important basis for school diagnosis, major decision-making and assessment of school (kindergarten) chiefs.Relevant departments shall take the results of comprehensive supervision and evaluation as an important reference and basis for commendation, award, selection and appointment of school (garden) leaders;School (kindergarten) heads with prominent problems and ineffective rectification should be held accountable in accordance with the Accountability Measures for Educational Supervision.Education supervision departments at all levels should disclose in an appropriate manner comprehensive supervision and evaluation reports on the end of the term of primary, secondary, and kindergarten heads, and voluntarily accept public supervision.According to the guidelines, the Office of the Education Steering Committee of The State Council will take the lead in pilot projects in selected provinces in 2022, taking into account geographical distribution, level of development and basis of work, and gradually implement them nationwide on the basis of suming up experience.Education Departments of all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government (Education Commission) and Education Bureau of Xinjiang Production and Construction CorpsFor the implementation of the central committee of the communist party of China, the State Council “deepening the reform of new times education evaluation overall plan and the general office of the central committee of the communist party of China and the State Council general office on the deepening the reform of new times education supervision systems and mechanisms of opinions, we will deepen reform of the kindergarten evaluation of primary and secondary schools, guide to urge the (garden) long takes office responsible earnestly in the school, promote the development of basic education quality,The following suggestions are put forward to carry out the comprehensive supervision and evaluation of the end of term of principal of primary and secondary schools and kindergartens.A, general requirements (a) the guiding ideology to xi jinping, the new times the thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics as guidance, thoroughly implement the party’s nineteenth spirit and the 19th session of the previous session, fully implement the party’s education policy, firmly grasp the socialism school direction, to carry out the khalid ents basic task, follow the rules of education teaching, strengthen the school (garden) long bear responsibility and mission, stimulate vitality of running a school,We will strive to improve the management of primary and secondary schools and kindergartens, encourage them to standardize their educational practices, constantly improve the quality of education, and ensure that every child enjoys fair and quality education.(2) Basic Principle 1.Keep to the right direction.We should give full play to the baton of supervision and evaluation, guide principals of primary and secondary schools and kindergartens to raise their political positions, establish a scientific outlook on education, performance and talent, implement the “five educations”, and promote the all-round development of students morally, intellectually, physically, aesthetically, and working.We should adhere to developmental evaluation, which not only evaluates the performance of career development at the end of the term of office, but also evaluates the degree of progress and the performance of school (kindergarten) directors during the term of office, and guide and urge school (kindergarten) directors to focus on solving prominent problems in the development of the career of primary, secondary and kindergarten.2.Strengthen overall planning and coordination.To carry out the provisions of the relevant documents of the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee and the Ministry of Education on the responsibilities of school (kindergarten) directors of primary and secondary schools and kindergartens, and to comprehensively inspect the performance of duties of school (kindergarten) directors and the school’s standardization of running schools.Strengthen the coordination and connection with basic education related supervision and evaluation and quality monitoring, responsibility supervision and listing supervision, patrol inspection, economic responsibility audit and other work, overall use of relevant data and information, to avoid increasing grass-roots burden.3.Reflect local conditions.In addition to strengthening the unified requirements for school (park) directors to perform their duties, the differences between regions and schools should be fully taken into account, so as not to adopt a uniform approach.According to the characteristics of different sizes, different types of primary and secondary schools and kindergartens, the reasonable development of evaluation indicators, mobilize the enthusiasm and initiative of the majority of school (park) directors, stimulate the school (kindergarten) school running vitality.4.Innovate ways and means.We will learn about the development of the school and the performance of the school (park) director in an objective and comprehensive way by combining online and offline, open and secret investigations, and qualitative and quantitative methods.We should pay attention to the use of information technology, optimize the work process, standardize the implementation process, enhance the pertinence and effectiveness of supervision and evaluation, strengthen the seriousness and authority of supervision and evaluation, and ensure the effectiveness of supervision and evaluation.Objects of Supervision and Evaluation and Key Points (I) Objects of Supervision and Evaluation Directors of primary, secondary, and kindergarten schools (kindergartens) end of term Of office The objects of comprehensive supervision and evaluation shall be directors of primary, secondary, and kindergarten schools (including privately-run and chinese-foreign cooperatively-run schools) with independent legal personality, excluding special education schools for the time being.Among them, compulsory education schools include primary schools, junior high schools and schools with a nine-year education system, while regular senior high schools include senior middle schools, complete middle schools, 12-year education schools and chinese-foreign cooperative schools.(2) Supervision and Evaluation The comprehensive supervision and evaluation of key primary, middle and kindergarten schools (kindergartens) at the end of term should reflect the characteristics of different students and enhance pertinence.The comprehensive supervision and evaluation of kindergarten principals should focus on guiding and urging kindergarten principals to follow the laws of children’s physical and mental development, run kindergartens in accordance with laws and regulations, promote the safe and high-quality development of kindergartens, and meet people’s good expectations for children’s education.Comprehensive supervision and evaluation of principals of compulsory education schools We should guide and urge principals of compulsory education schools to adopt a scientific outlook on education quality, implement the concept of all-round development, be open to all, teach every student well, lay a foundation for students’ lifelong development, and run every school at people’s doorstep well.The comprehensive supervision and evaluation of the principals of ordinary senior high schools should guide the principals to promote the high-quality development of the education of ordinary senior high schools, exert efforts to develop characteristics, improve the level of education, and lay a solid foundation for students to adapt to social life, accept higher education and develop their future careers.The supervision evaluation mainly includes the following seven aspects: 1.Party building.It mainly includes the implementation of “one post and two responsibilities”, the construction of grassroots Party organizations, the ideological and political work of teachers and students, leading the party construction to build the league, promoting the integration of party construction and business, the construction of party conduct and clean government, and the prevention and control of ideological risks.2.Virtue makes a man.It mainly includes the implementation of the “five education”, the establishment and improvement of school education quality internal guarantee system, the implementation of the national curriculum plan and curriculum standards, teaching and research, easing homework burden, after-school services, school-based curriculum construction, students’ physical and mental health, students’ evaluation, and the care of children living with their parents and left-behind children.3.School governance.Mainly include promoting administration according to law, perfect the school rules and the internal management system, develop the school development plan, implementation of democratic centralism, the “triple a” decision system and teach a workers congress system, the union system and the parents committee system, strengthen financial management, logistics management, parent-school produced, campus culture construction, the general public, and so on and so forth.4.Teacher work.It mainly includes the construction of teachers’ ethics, the work of teachers with certificates, the allocation of teachers, the professional development of teachers, the appraisal and appointment of teachers’ titles, the assessment and evaluation of teachers, the training of teachers, the work of head teachers, the work of young Pioneers counselors, the physical and mental health of teachers, the relationship between teachers and students and so on.5.Standardize school running.It mainly includes the implementation of the “five management”, standardizing enrollment, standardizing fees, student status management, cooperating in running schools, controlling drop-outs and protecting schools, and the school spirit of teaching and learning.6.Safety and hygiene.Include to establish and perfect the system of security risk prevention and control, implement the responsibility system for safety, safety facilities, security qualification, to carry out safety education, prevention and treatment of bullying, laboratory and hazardous chemical materials safety, food and drinking water safety and health standards, training students’ health behavior and life style, the campus security incident disposal, and so on and so forth.7.Satisfaction.It mainly includes the evaluation and satisfaction of students, teachers, parents, communities and other relevant aspects to the school.Three, organization implementation (1) clear responsibilities at all levels 1.The State Council education Steering Committee is responsible for overall guidance.In accordance with relevant national laws and regulations and standards for running schools in primary and secondary schools and kindergartens, the key points of comprehensive supervision and evaluation for the end of term of principal of primary and secondary schools and kindergartens are determined.Spot checks are carried out every year to monitor the overall situation of the country and issue monitoring reports in an appropriate manner.2.Provincial education supervision departments are responsible for formulating local supervision and evaluation implementation plans.The implementation plan shall specify the indicator system of supervision and evaluation, work schedule and organization and implementation method.The index system shall implement the key points of supervision and evaluation determined in this opinion, conform to the local actual situation and consider the differences of schools.Monitor the overall situation of the province every year and organize spot checks.Each province (autonomous region, city) can determine the proportion or quantity of spot check according to the actual situation.3.Prefecture-level education supervision departments are responsible for the implementation of provincial-level comprehensive supervision and evaluation plan, guide county-level departments to carry out comprehensive supervision and evaluation work of primary, secondary, and kindergarten directors at the end of their term of office, and directly supervise and evaluate kindergarten directors of schools (kindergartens) directly affiliated to prefecture-level cities, and monitor the overall situation of the whole city.4.The county-level education supervision department is responsible for organizing and implementing the comprehensive supervision and evaluation of the end of term of principal of primary, secondary and kindergarten schools (kindergartens) within its jurisdiction.In light of local conditions, we should formulate specific work plans, establish and improve working mechanisms, guarantee conditions, and organize implementation in a standardized manner to ensure tangible results.(2) Standardize the implementation procedure 1.Determine the schedule.All localities should carry out in-depth and meticulous research and find out the bottom line, establish a database of the term of tenure of primary, secondary, and kindergarten leaders, and dynamically grasp the term of tenure of school (kindergarten) leaders.Before the end of each year, the term of office shall be determined, and the list of school (park) leaders to be supervised by the general supervision shall be determined.According to the list, reasonably determine the annual general supervision arrangement.2.Give notice.At the beginning of each year, the educational supervision department responsible for the specific organization and implementation of the school will be the year to accept the comprehensive supervision of the school (park) administrator list formally notified the school.Relevant schools should make corresponding preparations in advance.3.Conduct an assessment.A supervision and evaluation group composed of school inspectors, educational administrative cadres and relevant experts has been set up to carry out supervision and evaluation work against evaluation indicators and form comprehensive supervision and evaluation reports.4.Feedback.The education supervision department shall feedback the evaluation opinions to the evaluated school (kindergarten) leader or successor and the school (kindergarten), and put forward rectification requirements to the school (kindergarten) and successor for the existing problems.Taking into account geographical distribution, level of development and basic work conditions, the Office of the Education Steering Committee of The State Council has decided that some provinces will take the lead in carrying out a pilot program of comprehensive supervision and evaluation of the end of term of primary, secondary, and kindergartens, to sum up experience and explore new ways to open the way in an all-round way.The pilot program is scheduled to start in 2022.On the basis of the pilot program, it should be carried out at an appropriate time and gradually implemented throughout the country.(4) Strict work requirements 1.Full coverage of evaluation objects.In principle, the comprehensive supervision evaluation of primary, secondary, and kindergarten heads whose term ends covers all school (kindergarten) heads whose term ends within the period.When the school (kindergarten) principal leaves office and the school (kindergarten) has a serious accident, the school (kindergarten) should receive the comprehensive supervision evaluation in the same year.2.The assessment is objective and unbiased.The comprehensive supervision and evaluation should be based on the actual situation of the school (kindergarten), carried out in strict accordance with the prescribed procedures, focusing on understanding the situation from various sources and listening to the opinions of teachers and students.Relevant conclusions and opinions should be supported by facts or data, and subjective assumptions should be avoided.3.Strict discipline requirements.The comprehensive supervision and evaluation of heads of primary, secondary, and kindergarten schools at the end of their term shall strictly abide by the requirements of party conduct and integrity, and shall not seek any personal interests by taking advantage of the supervision and evaluation. Favoritism and malpractice for personal gain are strictly prohibited.We should respect the community level, avoid interfering with the order of school education and teaching, refrain from formalism and focus on practical results.(5) Make Good Use of the Results of Supervision and Evaluation Party committees and governments at or above the county level and the competent departments of education shall take the comprehensive supervision and evaluation reports of heads of primary, secondary, and kindergarten schools (or kindergartens) at the end of their term of office as an important basis for diagnosing the situation of running schools, making major decisions, and evaluating heads of schools (or kindergartens).Relevant departments shall take the results of comprehensive supervision and evaluation as an important reference and basis for commendation, award, selection and appointment of school (garden) heads.School (kindergarten) heads with prominent problems and ineffective rectification shall be held accountable in accordance with the Measures for Accountability of Educational Supervision.Education supervision departments at all levels should disclose in an appropriate manner comprehensive supervision and evaluation reports on the end of the term of primary, secondary, and kindergarten heads, and voluntarily accept public supervision.Appendix: Reference points for comprehensive Supervision and Evaluation of school (Kindergarten) chiefs at the end of term, Ministry of Education, December 27, 2021 * Reviewed by Yang Zhenrong, Edited by CAI Li