The harder you try, the less you can do?How did Germany lose itself in the great power game between The US, Russia and Europe?

2022-06-21 0 By

Germany, a country at a loss.On May 8, 1945, represented by William marshal keitel, the German high command, on the outskirts of Pauline kars holt, formally signed the unconditional surrender of Germany, which marked the second world war in Europe ended in Hitler’s empire thoroughly collapse, stranger came peace again in Europe.Although Japanese imperialism was still struggling in the Asia-pacific region, the “arrangement” of the anti-fascist alliance for Germany had been gradually put on the agenda.On June 5, the United States, the Soviet Union, Britain and France issued a joint statement on controlling Germany, and decided to occupy Germany by four divisions.The partition occupation of Germany contained the resurgence of German fascism, but it also laid the root of the curse that tore Germany apart.Due to the complete end of the Second World War, the United States and the Soviet Union, who fought side by side for the anti-fascist Soviet Union, lost the premise that “the enemy of my enemy is my friend”, and ideological contradictions regained the heights, so the United States and the Soviet Union inevitably parted ways.On March 5, 1946, former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill’s “iron Curtain speech” at Westminster College in Fulton, United States, stirred up thousands of waves, marking the beginning of the Cold War that lasted for half a century.The formation of the Cold War pattern also made the torn Germany become the forefront of the confrontation between the two camps, and the “Berlin Wall” established later became a popular symbol of the Cold War.However, the so-called “misfortune comes at the same time of blessing”, the Cold War not only brought Germany fragmentation, but also let Germany seize the historical opportunity to make a comeback.In order to restrain the rise and rise of communist power in Western Europe under the influence of the Soviet Union, to integrate Western Europe into the international market led by the United States, and to digest the huge production capacity accumulated after the “explosion” during world War II, the United States launched the “Marshall Plan” in 1947, which promoted the rapid economic revival of western European countries.After World War II, the United States, Britain and France gradually promoted the integration of the three occupied western territories, leading to the establishment of the Federal Republic of Germany on May 23, 1949.While completing a series of social reforms, West Germany also became one of the beneficiaries of the “Marshall Plan”.The capitalist camp’s support to West Germany greatly stimulated the Soviet Union, so after the “Marshall Plan”, the Soviet Union launched the tit-for-tat “Molotov Plan” to prevent the “tendency to leave the Soviet Union” in Eastern Europe.But because of the heavy casualties and losses during World War II, Project Molotov was more like a transfusion of blood from eastern Europe to the Soviet Union.However, due to the continuous close economic and trade exchanges among eastern European countries, eastern European countries still achieved considerable development, especially after the founding of the German Democratic Republic on October 7, 1949, relying on the previous solid industrial foundation, rapidly developed into the no. 2 industrial power in the socialist camp, second only to the Soviet Union.The revival of the two Germanys after the war was remarkable because they were the window countries of the two camps and received strong support from their respective camps.Especially on June 25, 1950 after the outbreak of the Korean war, the United States soon enveloped great army of the United Nations, has a huge arms logistics demand, so the industrial powers such as Japan and the federal republic of Germany to become the “United Nations” logistical depot, the sleeping industry also quickly regained consciousness in the flurry arms orders, accumulated the comeback first bucket of gold.In addition, with the continuous expansion of the Korean War, the confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union intensified. In order to prevent the expansion of Soviet power in Europe, the United States rapidly changed its policy of deindustrialization and demilitarization to West Germany after the war, and Germany, which was freed, quickly embarked on the fast track of normal national revival.In 1958, the GDP of the Federal Republic of Germany surpassed that of the United Kingdom to become the second largest economy in the capitalist bloc.But the problem is that economic prosperity does not represent the real revival, even if the federal republic of Germany more normal than Japan, the United States and the Soviet union have the decline of Western Europe as the “Marshall plan” in 1947 and in 1949 the establishment of the north Atlantic treaty organization, means the United States of Western Europe, continue to strengthen control.What was more terrible was that, in the context of us-Soviet hegemony, America’s control over Western Europe not only deprived the autonomy and status dignity of western European countries, but also made Western Europe become a strategic buffer, referred to as the meat shield.For Western Europe, the situation is stifling.In order to avoid death, in the United States and the Soviet union against Western Europe after a long brooding, creatively put forward the “1 + 1 > 2” the unity of thought, and starting from the European coal and steel community in 1951, western European integration started crashing, the federal republic of Germany, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg, formed the entrenched economic union.In 1967, “European Coal and Steel Community”, “European Economic Community” and “European Atomic Energy Community” merged, “European Community” was born.With the continuous improvement of the degree of integration, more and more Western European countries saw the value of staying together for warmth, so the membership of the European Community continued to expand, Britain, Spain, Greece and other countries joined in succession, the scope of the European Community expanded rapidly.The expansion of the European Community has undoubtedly challenged the hegemonic position of the United States economically, and the integration of political and other non-economic fields that the European Community constantly seeks has formed a potential to compete with the United States.But because the ideological contradictions between the United States and the Soviet Union dominated the mainstream, and more importantly, the integration of Western Europe was originally the meaning of the Marshall Plan, when western European countries stepped onto the historical stage in the name of the group, the United States had no trouble in its heart, and even wanted to promote it.The acquiescence and even support of the United States is a strong driving force for the integration of Western Europe.And federal Germany, as the economic leader of the European Community, is undoubtedly the biggest beneficiary.When the “European Coal and Steel Community” was founded, it was supposed to pull the Federal Germany into the pit and make it difficult for it to grow in a savage way. However, under the historical law of “the law of the jungle”, the federal Germany with stronger economy soon “turned into the dominant country”, and France with it as the dominant country was inevitably overshadowed.Therefore, to some extent, the European Community is more like the operation of the Federal Republic of Germany to unify Europe. In the historical process of the European Community, Germany finally achieved the goal that had not been achieved in the two World wars.Coupled with the permanent presence of more than 30, 000 American soldiers, Germany spends relatively little on defence, and its lightly armed economy is in ruins.But the problem is that the more the European Community expands, the more Germany looks “tiny”.Because of the defeat in the two World Wars, Germany’s territory was reduced to 357,000 square kilometers from 548,000 square kilometers when the Second German Empire was founded in 1871, and even the “land of prosperity” East Prussia became an integral part of the Soviet Union and Poland.Later in the ec and the eu under the framework of basic former German land and returned to Germany, but the European Union and the European Union is not more than federal confederation, member states still have a strong sovereignty and autonomy, so although greatly shrink after Germany’s territory is still the first, but smaller than China’s yunnan province territory limits the further of Germany,Leaving Germany increasingly dwarfed by the eu’s expansion.After Gorbachev came to power in 1985, he began to carry out a series of drastic reforms, including the overall contraction of foreign policy. All the countries in Eastern Europe were suddenly surging, and the outbreak of accumulated contradictions eventually led to the uncontrollable upheaval in Eastern Europe.With the fall of the Berlin Wall, federal and Democratic Germany were reunited in 1990.The dramatic changes in Eastern Europe led to the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, ending the Cold War and opening a new chapter in world history.After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the comprehensive national strength of Russia, which succeeded the Soviet Union, was beyond the reach of the former sphere of influence of the Soviet Union, especially in Eastern Europe. As a result, a huge power vacuum was formed, and NATO and the European Union, which was the second evolution of the European Community in 1993, immediately launched an aggressive “eastward expansion”.For Germany, although the entry of poor eastern European countries will greatly dilute the productivity of the original bloc and completely overturn the EU as a “rich country club”, Western Europe is not as rich as Germany. Like eastern European countries, they have only one name in Germany’s eyes: raw material origin and commodity dumping market.So Germany took it all in, and the EU grew.That, in turn, is bound to weaken Germany’s appeal in eastern Europe.More frightening than Germany’s impotence, of course, is America’s constant meddling.After the end of the Cold War, due to the disappearance of the Soviet Union, international conflicts have also undergone subtle changes. From then on, the EU is no longer the cuteness of the United States, but the new public hazard of the United States.Therefore, conflicts between the United States and Europe have become increasingly prominent. Specifically, under the efforts of the United States, the European Union has experienced frequent crises and troubles.For example, the Kosovo war in 1999, the Greek debt crisis in 2009, the Ukraine crisis in 2014, the refugee crisis in 2015 and the “Brexit” in 2016 all left the EU feeling tired and bruised.After Merkel came to power in 2005, through a series of effective domestic and diplomatic measures, Germany stabilized its position in the storm set off by the United States, and Germany became the “new engine” of the European Union again from the “sick man of the European Union”. The European Union also flourished under the leadership of Germany, and its international status continued to improve.But just as bismarck, the “iron chancellor”, was unable to prevent Germany from sliding into the abyss of war, No matter how “brilliant and grand” Merkel is, she cannot change the embarrassing reality that Germany and even the EU are coerced by the United States.Since the end of the Second World War, the United States’ layout in Western Europe has doomed Western Europe as a stepping stone to American hegemony. On the surface, NATO is aimed at the Soviet Union and the socialist camp, but in essence, it is the United States’ constraint on the western European countries, namely the European Union.So the more the EU expands, the more excited America will be. After all, a “packaged” Western Europe will be easier for the US to cut off as leek.So Germany’s efforts to unify Europe, to expand the European Union, are essentially a wedding dress for the United States.In particular, the rapid expansion of the east is to fully expose the weakness of the EU and give the United States an opportunity to poke holes in it.Although as an economic union, the eastward expansion of THE EU is far less stimulating to Russia than the eastward expansion of NATO, the problem is that NATO and EU member states are highly overlapped. Looking at the two brands of this group, Russia, feeling insulted by intelligence, repeatedly said that I bought a big watch last year.Of course, the biggest enemy of Germany is the United States. As a rising star in the capitalist camp, the United States fully realized the political “fear of Russia and pro-American” and economic “Russia and Europe” attributes of eastern European countries, so Lithuania and others came on the scene, and eastern Europe suddenly became a mess.For the EU, it must accept Eastern Europe in order to have a bigger market, but the problem is that eastern Europe is looking for THE EU’s money. Politically, because of anti-Russia, it needs to fully turn to the United States, and the United States is always thinking of the death of the EU on the spot.However, if eastern Europe is not accepted, eastern European countries will not even talk about “favors” for eu money under the background of NATO enlargement, and Eastern Europe will become a time bomb beside the EU’s bed.So the EU is torn, Germany is conflicted.But there is no turning back, and the German-led EU has been eating dazzled, because to stop would mean death on the spot.To raise the stakes against the United States, Merkel insisted on dialogue with Russia, and the Nord Stream pipeline is a model of cooperation between the two countries.At the same time, Germany is also actively building strategic cooperative relations with China, especially the China-Eu Bilateral Investment Treaty, which is an important choice for the EU to enhance its status through the Belt and Road Initiative.But as the Merkel era draws to a close, and as the Ukraine crisis intensives, the EU’s role in the triangular game between China, The United States and Russia is ultimately overshadowed by its inherent flaws.Germany stands up for Lithuania and even threatens to abolish the China-Eu Bilateral Investment Treaty. It seems to be a big brother, but it also exposes Germany’s short-sightedness and helplessness on international issues.And the Ukraine crisis, which is about to explode, will become another insurmountable gap for Germany.There are many omissions, please correct them.I am the silent night history.We look forward to your attention.