China’s earliest tiger-shaped cultural relics and tiger worship: China’s first tiger, sleeping six thousand years

2022-06-27 0 By

The Year of the Tiger is coming soon.Because of its prowess and strength, the ancients revered the tiger as the king of beasts.In shuo Wen Jie Zi, he said, “Tiger is the king of mountains and beasts.””Custom tongyi · Si Dian” also said: “tiger, Yang, the long beast also.Can beat down sharp, eating ghosts.”At the same time, the tiger is endowed with the symbol of hero, power, exorcism and auspiciousness.So what was the earliest tiger worship found in China?The earliest tiger shaped cultural relics in Henan Puyang Xishuipo M45 tomb mussel plastic plan.In August 1987, while excavating tomb M45 at Xishuipu site in Puyang, Henan Province, archaeologists made a surprising discovery in the tomb chamber.In the middle of the tomb is the skeleton of the male tomb owner, and on the left and right sides of the skeleton of the tomb owner is a set of dragon and tiger patterns arranged in clam shells.The right side of the human bone is the dragon pattern, the head of the dragon is north, back to the west, 1.78 meters long, 0.67 meters high, do head, neck, bow, takeoff.On the left side of the human bone is the tiger pattern, with its head facing north and its back facing east. The tiger is 1.39 meters long and 0.63 meters high. It looks like staring, opening its mouth, hanging its tail and walking.On the west and north of the tiger pattern, there are also two mussel shells.The shell on the west is messy, while the shell on the north is triangular. Two human tibia bones were also found on the east.After the discovery of the first group of mussel sculptures, archaeologists found two more groups.The second group of mussel sculptures is located in a shallow cave 20 meters south of tomb M45. The patterns include dragons, tigers, deer and spiders.Among them, the head faces south and the back faces north.The head of the tiger faces north, west and east. The dragon and tiger are joined together, with the deer lying on the back of the tiger and the spider to the east of the head.The third group of mussel sculptures is located in the second group of mussel sculptures 20 meters south of a gray ditch, someone riding a dragon and tiger patterns;Among them, the head faces east and the back faces north.The tiger is north of the dragon, with its head to the west and its back to the south.In addition, around the dragon and tiger are also placed some clam shells, the west mussel is shaped like a bird, and the other three sides are round.Archaeologists believe that the Xishuopo site includes sites of Yangshao and Longshan in the Neolithic period, as well as sites of the Eastern Zhou and Han dynasties. The three groups of mussel-sculpture tombs belong to the early Yangshao culture site, which is more than 6,000 years old, 2,000 years earlier than the establishment of the Xia Dynasty.The mussel plastic dragon here is not only a unique discovery in the archaeological site, but also the earliest dragon-shaped cultural relics found.Because the dragon has a unique symbolic significance in Chinese culture, scholars have paid attention to the mussel plastic dragon here, especially the first group of mussel plastic dragon, called it “The first dragon in China”.In fact, mussel plastic tiger is also found in the earliest tiger cultural relics.So, nature can also be called “China’s first tiger”.Moreover, “China’s first tiger” and “China’s first dragon” are located on the left and right of the tomb owner;The other three groups of mussel models, also happen to be the dragon and tiger.It can be seen that in people’s minds at that time, the tiger and the dragon should be an insane animal which competed with each other.So, why did the ancients put out the mysterious pattern of “China’s first dragon” and “China’s first tiger”?Mr. Feng Shi, an astroarchaeologist, pointed out that the first group of mussel sculptures was actually an astronomical pattern.On the east side of the skeleton of the tomb master is a mussel shaped dragon, and on the west side is a mussel shaped tiger, which is actually the prototype of the later “four elephants”.The “four elephants”, including the Eastern Green Dragon, the western white tiger, the southern rosefinch and the northern Xuanwu, originated from the ancient people’s division of 28 stars into four regions, each with seven stars.So, why are there only dragons and tigers at Xishuopo site?A more likely answer is that the ancients paid most attention to the East and the West, and only the eastern Blue Dragon and the western white tiger could distinguish the 28 stars.It can be verified that in the early Warring States period, a lacquered wood trunk lid was unearthed from the tomb of Marquis Yi of Zeng, on which the names of 28 stars and the Name of the Beidou were written.In addition, a dragon is drawn on the east side of the pattern, and a tiger is drawn on the west side of the pattern. There is also no rosefinch and xuanwu.In addition, the triangle mussel and two human bones in the first group of mussel sculptures at Xishuopo site should actually represent the beidou scoop and handle.In this way, it can be found that the pattern of this lacquered wood trunk lid is exactly the same as that reflected by the first group of mussel sculptures, which can show that the system of 28 stars in ancient China had a prototype as early as 6,000 years ago.In addition, the tomb of M45 unearthed in xishuopo site is shaped like a human head in plane shape, with a circle in the south and a circle in the north.And the tomb master skeleton is also the first south foot north place.This setting is definitely not accidental. It is probably related to the “cover heaven theory” of the ancient people’s concept of the round sky and the earth. The ancient people just take the head as the south belongs to the heaven and the foot as the north.This suggests that gaitian theory may have originated as early as 6,000 years ago.The three groups have dragon and tiger patterns, and the second group has deer patterns. Historian Zhang Guangzhi believes that the dragon, tiger and deer here are actually the three 𫏋(Qi āo) of TaoismThe so-called “three 𫏋” is proposed in Bao Pu Zi by Ge Hong in the Eastern Jin DynastyBao Pu Zi says, If you can sit on ‹, you can go around the worldThere are three ways of 𫏋, dragon 𫏋 and tiger 𫏔Tai Shang Deng Zhen Three jialing ying jing” also said: “three jiajing (𫏋), the dragon jiajing, the tiger jiajing, the deerSo, three 𫏋 “is flying on three different animalsIn the third group of mussels, there is a man riding on the dragon body.The archetype of the man is believed to be the owner of tomb M45, who was also a chief or priest at xishuopo site.However, the mussel plastic deer pattern is in the second group of mussel plastic, not necessarily at that time can be juxtapoted with the dragon, tiger, into the “three 𫏋”But at least it can be assumed that there are two 𫏋The discovery of the third group of clam sculptures shows that the concept of “three 𫏋” can also be traced back to 6,000 years agoChinese culture has a long history, archaeological discovery provides the most intuitive and credible evidence, has to be admirable.It is worth mentioning that the second group of mussel models of dragon, tiger, deer and spider patterns, some scholars believe that it should be dragon, tiger, kylin and bird, and further pointed out that this is the early “four elephants” pattern.However, these four patterns are not consistent with the four directions, and only the dragon and tiger appear in the other two groups of mussel sculptures.Therefore, deer (kylin) and spider (bird) are not as important as dragons and tigers.So at present, we should be careful to identify this group of mussel models as the prototype of “four elephants”.As for what is the connotation of the second group of mussel sculptures, further research is needed.When it came to the Warring States Period (475-221 BC), there was more perfect theory of “Four Elephants”.The newly released bamboo slips of the Warring States Period (wuji), collected by Tsinghua University, mention “The Eastern Dimension dragon, the Southern dimension bird, the western dimension tiger and the northern dimension snake”. The four images begin to correspond with the four directions, as well as the seasons, colors and five elements.The tiger corresponding is the west, the fall, white, gold, the god of the spring and autumn period and the warring states period of the west is called “Ru (ru)”, according to the mandarin, jin language, it is a face, white hair, tiger PAWS, hold the image of the tomahawk.Because Autumn guanxue controls punishment, so puccinia controls murder in heaven.In The Classic of Mountains and Seas · The Classic of The West Hills, there is a record of puccinia production.It lives in 泑 mountain, also known as the God red light, with human face tiger claws, ears hanging snakes, hands clinging tomahawk.It says there is a snake curled up in its left ear and two dragons on its mounts.There are devils in the West who have a head like a pig, vertical eyes, untidy hair, long claws and saw-like teeth. They show madness in their mirth.According to Zuo Zhuan, Shao Hao has four descendants, of whom he must be the god of mbumm.MMM is also considered the Western god of heaven, and MMM is his support.There’s an interesting story about PRODUCTIVITY.According to the State Of Guo · Jin, in the early Spring and Autumn Period, Guo’s state of Guo (now Sanmenxia, Henan Province) monarch Guo Chou dreamed that in the temple of the State of Guo, there was a god with white hair and tiger claws, holding a tomahawk in his hand, standing under the west eaf.Guo Gong was flummoxed and fled.The God said, “Don’t go!Heaven ordered us to let the state of Jin enter your territory.”The Duke of Guo immediately knelt down and kowtowed.After waking up, he called the historian. He asked him to prognostic the dream.”If it is as you described, this god is the God of the West. He controls punishment in heaven. The commands of Heaven are done by God!”In other words, this dream means that Heaven will send relatives to destroy the Kingdom of Guo.Guo gong was furious and ordered Shi To be imprisoned, and ordered the Chinese to congratulate themselves.As far as The Duke of Guo was concerned, if the State of Jin entered the door of the State of Guo, didn’t it mean that the State of Jin would be annexed by the State of Guo?So, he thought it was an auspicious dream.Upon hearing this, Dafaozhiqiao told his people, “The sovereign does not take God’s will seriously, but asks his countrymen to congratulate him. How can this alleviate the disaster?He thought his dream auspicious, then the luxury will be more severe!I can’t bear to see our country die!”So he led his clansmen to go to the state of Jin.Six years later, the state of Jin destroyed the state of Guo by attacking the state of guo by lying on a different road.Interestingly, the word “guo” is also related to the word “hu”.In the oracle bone inscriptions, the Chinese character of “guo” is changed from “hu” to “Ge”, indicating that we prey tigers, and is misspelled as “guo”, indicating that we attack tigers with our bare hands.In any case, the state of Guo expresses that it can fight with the tiger, and the name guo reflects its tradition of being good at military affairs.The state of Guo was founded by the younger brother of King Wen of Zhou. During the Period of Western Zhou, the state of Guo was relatively strong. In the early Spring and Autumn Period, the State of Jin also defeated foreign enemies many times.Finally, the Emperor of Heaven sent fritian god, enemy of the Guo, to announce the demise of the State of Guo.