Is a little red wine good for you?Teetotalers are healthy, according to the World Heart Federation
The Spring Festival holiday is coming to an end. Have you been drinking these days?As a special drink handed down from generation to generation in China, wine has been around for thousands of years.For a long time, people have a special infatuation with wine, no matter friends and relatives get together, or work and entertainment, it is indispensable to use wine to add to the fun, is the so-called “no wine is not happy”.However, with the deepening of the research on alcohol, the harm of drinking has gradually emerged.Studies have found that excessive drinking will affect the normal functions of the body such as respiration, heartbeat and temperature, and even lead to alcoholism and cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.As a result, many people have begun to consciously reduce their drinking, believing that as long as it is moderate, it will not harm their health.Resveratrol, a ‘heart healthy’ drink found in red wine, has previously been shown to have health benefits.So many people switch to red wine, thinking that as long as they drink red wine, there is no need to worry about the health hazards of drinking.But is it really true?Although the wish is good, but the reality is always so cruel.Like tobacco, alcohol is one of the substances consistently associated with an increased risk of cancer, regardless of the type of alcohol.That is, whether you drink wine, beer or liquor, it’s bad for your health.A recent briefing by the World Heart Federation (WHF) pointed out that there is no safe amount of alcohol to drink.Drinking even small amounts of alcohol can alter physiological functions and affect health over time.A previous study published by researchers from the University of Tokyo in Japan and the Harvard School of Public Health in the US further showed that even light to moderate alcohol consumption increases the risk of cancer, with the overall risk lowest when alcohol consumption was zero.One study from the United Kingdom showed that among nonsmokers, drinking one bottle of wine per week was associated with an additional 1 percent increase in lifetime cancer risk in men and 1.4 percent in women.Based on a bottle of wine per week (which contains about 80g of pure alcohol), the association between alcohol and cancer risk is as strong as smoking five cigarettes for men and 10 cigarettes for women, the study found.In addition, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) has issued a statement pointing out that alcohol is a clear cancer risk factor, and even small amounts of alcohol may increase the risk of certain cancers.What specific diseases is drinking associated with?About 230 diseases are linked to alcohol, including 40 that would not be prevalent without alcohol, according to a WHF fact sheet.For example, drinking alcohol is associated with diseases related to oral cavity, pharynx, throat, esophagus, liver, stomach, breast, colon and rectum;Alcohol consumption is associated with a range of mental illnesses, such as depression and anxiety;Alcohol consumption is associated with adverse outcomes of infectious diseases, such as tuberculosis and AIDS;Alcohol consumption also has many significant social consequences and is associated with negative outcomes such as motor vehicle accidents, injuries, and family discord.In addition, alcohol imposes a serious financial burden.In India, for example, the direct and indirect costs of alcohol consumption since 2011 are estimated at about $1.87 trillion, or about 1.45 percent of the Indian economy’s annual GROSS domestic product.The briefing highlights the relationship between alcohol consumption and cardiovascular disease.Over the past few decades, the prevalence and mortality rates of cardiovascular diseases have nearly doubled and become the leading cause of death and disability worldwide.The briefing also made it clear that previous studies suggesting that moderate red wine consumption may reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease were limited.Why is it harmful to your health no matter what alcohol you drink?Studies suggest that light to moderate drinking may affect health in a number of ways.Alcohol contains ethanol and acetaldehyde, which is produced when the body digests alcohol, can damage DNA in healthy cells, leading to an increased risk of various diseases.Alcohol may affect the breakdown of estrogen, which in turn increases the amount of estrogen in the blood.Higher-than-normal levels of estrogen in the body are a risk factor for breast, ovarian and cervical cancer.Especially for pre-menopausal women and menopausal women who receive hormone therapy, the risk is greater.Alcohol consumption may also impair the body’s ability to digest and absorb important nutrients, including vitamins A, C, D, E, folic acid and carotenoids.In addition, alcohol can lead to weight gain, which can also lead to an increased risk of chronic diseases and cancer.The American Society of Clinical Oncology’s Cancer Prevention Committee believes that learning to take a proactive approach to minimizing alcohol consumption will have important implications for cancer prevention.The World Heart Federation, for its part, has several warnings for different populations: abstaining from alcohol is recommended for people with cardiovascular disease and other chronic conditions, pregnant or lactating women, and children and young adults;Healthy adults who have not used alcohol in the past should not drink in the future;There is no safe recommended amount of alcohol for current drinkers.Reference  THE IMPACT OF ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION ON CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH:MYTHS AND MEASURES. Retrieved 2022. From https://world-heart-federation.org/wp-content/uploads/WHF-Policy-Brief-Alcohol.pdf Masayoshi Zaitsu, Et al.(2019). Light to Moderate amount of Lifetime alcohol consumption and risk of cancer in Japan. Cancer, DOI:Hydes https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.32590.  Theresa J., et al.,(2019). A comparison of gender-linked population cancer risks between alcohol and tobacco: How many cigarettes are there in a bottle of wine? BMC Public Health, 10.1186/ S12889-019-6576-9Wuxi Apptec content team focuses on introducing the progress of global biomedical health research.This article is for the purpose of information exchange only. The views expressed in this article do not represent the position of Yao Ming Kant, nor does yao Ming Kant support or oppose the views expressed in this article.Nor is this a recommendation for treatment.For guidance on treatment options, visit a regular hospital.