Changzhi Unearthed golden era three-color tiger pillow
In May 1996, an ancient tomb of the Jin Dynasty was discovered in Haojiazhuang Village, Changzhi County. Upon hearing the news, the Changzhi Museum immediately organized staff to investigate. With the strong assistance of the local public security department, it recovered a golden Tricolor lotus stone yuan-duck pattern tiger pillow with a chronology.The tiger pillow is covered with yellow, white and black glaze, with a height of 13, bottom length of 38.1 and waist width of 16.8 centimeters.The pillow is in the shape of a crouching tiger, with white ears, thick eyebrows, round eyes, a double hole in the nose and stomata, big mouth, exposed canine teeth, yellow and black markings on the tiger body, long tail in the ventral side.Pillow surface light, white glaze, painted stone, lotus branches, reeds, and mandarin duck play (Seal 3:1).Bottom flat without glaze, dew yellow clay embryo, central ink book “Zhenyuan three Years June 5 Wang made” 10 words (seal three: 2) Zhenyuan that jin Dynasty Hailing king Wanyan liang year number, three years for AD 1155.Tiger pillow is magnetic state kiln products, magnetic state kiln porcelain pillow belt chronology time is the earliest collection in Gansu Province museum “Ming Dao first year” tiger pillow, pillow side topic “Ming Dao first year qiao moon made Castle peak Road people drunk pen yu Sha Yang” 16 words, Ming Dao is song Renzong year, Ming Dao first year for AD 1032.At present, there are chronology of Jin Dynasty pottery and porcelain, Shanghai Museum collection of Jin Dynasty cizhou kiln white glaze black flower bird pattern tiger pillow, pillow bottom ink book “June 6, 2000 □ home made” money, The Museum of Chinese History collection of white glaze black flower pot, pot belly ink book “Buddha Light Pu Du Da ‘an two years Zhang Tai made”,As well as the celadon specimen of Yaozhou kiln in the 2nd year of Da ‘an, the white glazed sand circle porcelain bowl in the 3rd year of Ming Chang, and a lot of ding kiln porcelain unearthed from the jin tomb in the 17th and 24th years of Da Ding, but few products before Jin Da Ding are found.It is generally believed that the ceramic industry in the Central Plains was restored and developed during the Dading period, such as the Ding kiln in Quyang, Hebei province, the Guantai kiln in Cizhou, the Jun Kiln in Yu County, Henan Province, and the Yaozhou kiln in Tongchuan, Shaanxi Province.After King Hailing moved the capital to Yanjing in 1153, most of the ceramics in the guan area were produced in the later Jin Dynasty. During the period from the “Jingkang Revolution” in 1127 to the capital move of King Hailing in 1153, jin soldiers repeatedly invaded the south, causing kiln workers to flee south, and the ceramics industry in the Central Plains was basically abandoned.During the nearly 30 years of his reign, the economy of the Jin Dynasty, including the ceramics industry in the Central Plains, was restored and developed.Changzhi region unearthed gold “zhenyuan three years” three-color tiger pillow, than the Shanghai museum gold “big plan two years” inscription of tiger pillow eight years earlier, than history museum gold “the top two years” black flower pot craft as early as more than 50 years, it follows that in shanxi area north of the Yellow River the ceramic Jin Hailing nonyl three years will have to resume production after the move to the “magnetic state kiln designed for porcelain pillow workshop four known,The number of “Zhangjia-made” is the largest and lasts a long time. Dongaikou Village of Guantai Town is the main producing area of “Zhangjia-made” stamp pillow.”The first year of the Ming Dynasty” tiger pillow has “Zhang made” mark.According to the investigation data, there are no less than 60 kiln sites in Shanxi Province, and there are two kiln sites in Changzhi during the Liao and Jin dynasties: Xiangyuan and Changzhi Bayi.Changzhi ancient shangdang, Jin Dynasty for Luzhou, jin Tianhui six years (1128) in luzhou set and south Liao Qin •94• observation and treatment, jurisdiction shangdang, Huguan, Tunliu, the eldest son, Lucheng, Xiangyuan, Licheng, involving eight counties, over the years changzhi area under the jurisdiction of each county are found in the Golden tri-color tiger pillow,Such as Changzhi, Eldest son, Tunliu, Xiangyuan and other counties of changzhi city museum collection of gold and color tiger pillow there are more than 10 pieces, can be roughly divided into two types.One kind of glaze is bright, occipital fetus is thick, tiger nose is double hole;Another kind of glaze gray, thin, tiger nose for a single hole.In May 2002, changzhi County Haojiazhuang Xiaosong Village brick factory unearthed a gold tomb is the latter.The relationship between the two types of tiger pillows is unclear, but it is speculated that the “Zhenyuan Sannian” tiger pillow may be the product of a local ceramic kiln.In recent years, black glaze, white glaze, white glaze black flower and representative red and green colored porcelain pieces of Bayi kiln have been found in the investigation of local kiln sites. However, the remnants of three-color tiger rest have not been found yet. Whether they are produced by local kilns will be confirmed by the physical materials excavated at the kiln sites.”Zhenyuan three years” tricoloured lotus stone mandarin duck pattern tiger pillow glaze bright, concise and lively painting, rich in a strong breath of life.In May 1997, the pillow was designated as a first-class cultural relic by the State appraisal Committee.