This year’s Lantern Festival is 11 days earlier than last year’s.

2022-08-24 0 By

The Lantern Festival is coming, the first full moon of the Year of the Tiger in the Lunar calendar.Some members of the public have found the Lantern Festival “mischievous” because last year it fell on Feb. 26, this year on Feb. 15 and next year on Feb. 5, meaning this year’s festival is 11 days earlier than last year’s and next year’s is 10 days earlier.Tourists and villagers play Lantern Festival in Wangmantian village of Shitou County, Huangshan City, Anhui Province, Feb 26, 2021, the 15th day of the first lunar month.Xinhua News Agency reporter Han Xu photo is the same Lantern Festival, why the Gregorian calendar date earlier and later?Zhao Zhiheng, a member of the Chinese Astronomical Society and an expert on astronomy science in Tianjin, explained that the calendar used in ancient China is called the lunar calendar, which is a lunisolar calendar based on the phases of the moon and the annual apparent movement of the sun.According to the Chinese lunar calendar, the major month has 30 days and the minor month 29 days. The total 12 lunar months are 354 days or 355 days.In the Gregorian calendar, the earth makes one revolution around the sun in a tropical year, with 365 days in a normal year and 366 in leap years.The difference is about 11 days.To make up for the difference in days from the tropical year without causing a serious disconnect between the months and the seasons, the adjustment is to have two of the same 13 months in some years, called a “leap”.The “leap” rule is based on 24 solar terms.Tourists view lanterns at the Confucius Temple scenic spot in Nanjing, capital of East China’s Jiangsu Province, on Feb. 26, 2021, the Lantern Festival, the 15th day of the first lunar month.Due to the clever arrangement of “leap” in China’s calendar, the Lantern Festival always corresponds to the date of the Gregorian calendar, either 11 days in advance or 19 days later.This also causes the Lantern Festival to be celebrated in February of the Gregorian calendar in some years, such as 2016 and 2025.The Lantern Festival is celebrated in March in some years, such as 2018 and 2037.Reporters through the astronomical calendar found that in the 21st century this 100 years, the earliest Lantern Festival is on February 4, such as 2061;The latest Lantern Festival falls on March 5 of the Gregorian calendar, as in 2015.Source: Xinhua News Agency (editor Zuo Haiyan reviewed by Li Yanju)